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  1. Ravindra patil

    October 8, 2016 at 2:40 pm

    I want to about faizpur congress 1936, photo also

    • sreenivasaraos

      October 8, 2016 at 3:29 pm

      Dear Patil

      I didn’t quite get it.

      What is your specific question ?

      Please be clear.



      September 4, 2017 at 3:08 pm

      Respectful human, kindly help whether we can get art form of what is sung in Arya Dwasathi by Great Mahan Sage Durwasa Muni


        November 13, 2017 at 6:24 am

        any wording change is required sir i am waiting for your reply

      • sreenivasaraos

        November 13, 2017 at 6:46 am

        Dear Shyan Sundar

        Sorry Sir. I did not quite get the question.

        In case you are interested in Arya Dvishati of Sage Durvasa

        its text is available in many languages at

        The Telugu version is at

        There are also audios ( U Tubes) on the suject. Please check

        Sorry Sir. I fear , I have not been of much help to you


      • ritu malik

        November 14, 2017 at 1:36 am

        Dear Mr.Rao
        Are u an enlighten master?

      • sreenivasaraos

        November 14, 2017 at 3:14 am

        Dear Ritu

        No Maa. I am far from it. Most of the times I am gullible and clueless



        November 30, 2017 at 4:21 pm

        God day, i have a definition of Hinduism please correct it


      • sreenivasaraos

        December 1, 2017 at 3:20 am

        Dear Shyam Sundar , Good Morning

        What you said , sure sounds catchy

        But, what has now called as “Hinduism” cannot be tied a neat package

        Thus what has come to be regarded as Hinduism is a peculiar, open-ended system that rejects all sorts of restrictions and defies a specific definition. That perhaps is the reason why the Supreme Court observed: ‘Hindu religion not being tied-down to any definite set of philosophic concepts, as such’.

        Please do read my two articles on the subject; and, let me know

        The Question of Hindu, Hinduism et cetera

        Have a Great Day



    December 19, 2016 at 10:37 am

    Sir, I want your contact number please . If you can do, so that, to enable me to contact you directly sir. As I have some doubts on vedas. Sir please do favour.

    GSR Murthy.

    • sreenivasaraos

      December 20, 2016 at 1:38 pm

      Dear Shri Murthy , I would prefer if you could frame SPECIFIC questions and post them.That would be easier for me; and, it would also help others seeking answers to similar issues. Thank you. Regards

  3. joshy

    December 27, 2016 at 7:42 am

    i am from my village temple , an alangara gopura for sri rajaarajeswary devi is planned to build at the village entrance. In my opinion gopura is to be in kerala style with slanting roof etc..
    is there any specification according to silpa sastra in building an alangara gopura

    • sreenivasaraos

      December 27, 2016 at 8:14 am

      Dear Joshy

      I presume, your question relates to the proposed Grand entrance (Raja-Gopura) to the village/temple complex.

      It is said in the older texts that the concept of Gopura originated from extensive cow-stalls (Go-griha) which was virtually a gate-house at the doorways of a huge building , monastery , temple or even a town/village (Pura-dvaram tu gopuram I Dvara-matre tu gopuram I ).

      The Gopura, therefore, technically, denoted gate-houses of palaces, cities and residential buildings of various descriptions; and that they did not necessarily belong to temples alone.

      As far as I know, the concept of such (Raja) Gopura entered into the temple architecture of South India, rather late. And, Gopura is not an essential feature of the temple per se.

      According to the traditional texts on Shilpa-sharta, the most important part of a temple, it’s very heart as it were, is the Garbha-griha or the sanctum sanctorum. Sometimes the Garbha-griha with its Vimana alone is defined as temple per se. But, generally, it is extended by an Ardh-Mandapa, a Mandapa or a large hall up to the Bali-pita.

      In the later texts, there is mention of Gopura-s with sixteen storeys, divided into ten classes. But the details of only five storeys are given;, others being left to the discretion of the architects.

      All that is to suggest the Raja- Gopura is not an essential part of the temple; and its structure and design is left to the discretion of the architect.

      Since the temple is in Kerala, I feel, the Gopura at the entrance of the village could be in the traditional-Kerala style and design.
      I hope, it might, in some way, help you to take a view of the subject.

      But, Please do consult a technical expert before you decide.


  4. sai swaamy

    January 2, 2017 at 1:33 pm

    pls send urs mobile swamy my mob 9133425077 pls sir

  5. Sreenivasa Rao

    January 3, 2017 at 5:04 pm

    Dear Sreenivasa Rao garu,
    I am wondering if you have done any research or published any blogs on Sri Syama Saastri as part of your murti-trayam writings. Could you please direct me to any such? If you haven’t published anything yet but are willing to answer some of my questions, could you please let me know if you are available to discuss offline?
    Thank you and Regards,
    Sreenivasa Rao

    • sreenivasaraos

      January 5, 2017 at 12:11 am

      Dear Shri Sreenivasa Rao, Yes; I have prepared articles about Sri Shyama Shastry ; but not published yet.

      Of course, as compared to Sri Dikshitar and Sri Tygaraja his out put is not large and the range is not wide.

      But, the emotional appeal to Mother is intense.

      I was trying to draw a comparison with the songs of Ramaprasad Sen of Bengal appealing to Mother.

      Let me see


      Happy New Year


      • Sreenivasa Rao

        January 5, 2017 at 10:24 pm

        Hello, Thank you for getting back to me. Please do share your Syama Sastri research when you have it available. At this point though, my immediate interest is in gathering information about his pedigree – there are conflicting claims as to his family’s origins in Kambam near Ongole vs. Cumbum in TN. Are there any specific records or verified sources of his ancestry? There is a lot of circumstantial evidence that he was a native Telugu person – the aesthetics and the sweetness of his Telugu compositions is nearly impossible to achieve if one is not native to that tongue. Also, he belongs to ‘vadama’ sect which by definition means people from the north (ie. north of the Kanchi-Thanjavur axis). Most peple belonging to this sect are known to be from the banks of Krishna river. 

        I would appreciate any of your thoughts.


        Sreenivasa Rao 

  6. anitha pn

    January 16, 2017 at 8:39 pm

    Hi sir…
    I am a new reader to your articles..I like many of them..Specifically about M.N.Roy..Kindly add articles about DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN INDIAN LITERATURE AND WESTERN THOUGHTS IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF INDIA if you are interested..

    Thank you.

    • sreenivasaraos

      January 17, 2017 at 12:07 am

      Dear Anitha

      You are welcome.

      Thank you for reading the series on MN Roy about whom there are not many detailed writings

      I would be grateful if I can have your feedback on some of the specific issues/articles in the series.


      It is a huge task, with about 25 odd languages, their history, developments, trends and comparison with ‘western thoughts’ (which term needs to be defined clearly, to start with).

      Unlike in the earlier days ( when most of India across the states/languages read Tagore, Saratchandra, Premchand, Khandekar , Karanth et al ) the readership across the languages , in the present day, is getting rarer. India, sadly, appears to be growing more and more region-oriented and inward looking. There appears neither the desire to learn nor the outlook to appreciate the ‘good’ happening outside of one’s own language.

      Further, there is the problem of the availability of translations of the recent works in all the Indian languages.

      For instance, I have written about Bamkim, Tagore , Sarat, Bijaya Ghosh etc ( please do read those articles here) ; But , I am unable to follow the contemporary trends / developments in modern Bengali . I hardly can go beyond Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay of the fifties. Even the works of later authors like Sunil Gangopadhyay, Sirshendu Mukhopadhyay , Bimal Mitra and Sankar in later days or Buddadev Guha are not easily available outside of Bengal.

      I wonder if any of the Universities/National Trusts or even Doctoral thesis’s have taken up the task you suggested.

      Yet; what you suggested is truly fascinating. I would love to attempt it, however inadequately.

      Let me think and also talk to a few I know,

      BTW, have you any thoughts / ideas about the subject. Please let me know.

      Thanks for writing

      Please do read the articles on other subjects as well.

      Please keep talking


  7. Rummah

    February 1, 2017 at 4:26 am

    Thank you for the informative blog. There is so little information on the ten great cosmic wisdoms in the West.

    • sreenivasaraos

      February 12, 2017 at 5:58 pm

      Thank you Rummah

      You are welcome

      Please do read the articles and let me have your comments


  8. Rajashri Rajashekhar

    February 12, 2017 at 5:33 pm

    Dear Sir,

    I am completely impressed by you blog and verious subjects that you have considered to write. I would like to personally meet you to discuss about the work that I have undertaken in the area of Woman. My study is on scripture based.



    • sreenivasaraos

      February 13, 2017 at 3:17 pm

      Dear Rajashri

      Than you for your visit

      I am delighted you liked what you read here.

      I would now be visiting my daughter in Portland- OR-USA

      Sorry Maa

      May I know your special field of interest.

      Kindly send me your specific questions

      I shall try to reply with whatever little I know

      Please do keep reading and writing

      Warm Regards

  9. Gauri Varma

    February 21, 2017 at 9:57 am

    Dear Mr Sreenivasarao

    I have a folk painting made by a dead Maithil artist from Madhubani. It is in the Tantric style and shows the figure of Hanuman engaging in burning Lanka in the centre, with a Yantra. Around his figure are ten forms which appear to be Rudra/Shiv. They are mostly ascetics with knotted hair, tigerskins. They are also shown with tails. Each is shown riding an animal mount, including an elephant, horse, deer, bull, makara, swan, goat (?), bull, chariot (?) and one seems to be riding a dwarf or demon or young boy figure. Have not been able to find out who these forms represent. Could you please help. I have read numerous desciptions of the Rudras and Shiva’s incarnations but they dont all seem to fit these forms especially the vaeying Nimal mounts shown. I would jave liked to email you a photo of the painting. Please let me know where I can do so. Thanks and regards, Gauri Varma

    • sreenivasaraos

      February 21, 2017 at 3:32 pm

      Dear Gauri Varma, You seem to have come across a rare type of tribal depiction. That is good. You mentioned Rudra-like figures riding: elephant; horse; bull; swan; demon or dwarf etc.

      My guess is that the figures you mentioned might represent Ashta Bhairava- the eight manifestations of Bhairava, a ferocious aspect of Shiva. They guard and control the eight directions… Tantra – Sara mentions the eight Bhairavas as:

      Asitanga Bhairava (Vahana: Swan); Ruru Bhairava (Vahana: Bull); Chanda Bhairava (Vahana: Peacock); Krodha Bhairava (Vahana: Garuda, eagle); Unmatta Bhairava (Vahana: Horse); Kapala Bhairava (Vahana: Elephant); Bhishana Bhairava (Vahana: lion or Pretha i.e. Ghoul); and Samhara Bhairava (Vahana: dog).

      [Each of these eight Bhairavas, in turn, brings forth eight forms of his own representations. Thus, in all, sixty-four forms (or sub-forms) of the Bhairavas, are divided into eight sets.]

      In addition there is the Kala-Bhairava

      It is said; in the holy city of Varanasi: . Ruru Bhairava protect the south-east; Chanda Bhairava – the south; Asitanga Bhairava – the east; Kapala Bhairava – the north-west; Krodha Bhairava – the south-west; Unmatta Bhairava protect the west; Samhara Bhairava – the north-east; and Bhishana Bhairava protect the north.

      I think the figures you mentioned might perhaps be the set of eight Bhairavas

      Please see the link for the image given below

      As regards Hanuman and Bhairavas:

      A tribal legend mentions that Hanuman, also called Lanka Bir, was at the guard of cave entrance, where Vaishno Devi was meditating for nine months, before she came out of cave. There is a stream called Baan Ganga (Baan literally means an arrow), where Devi used her arrow to take out a stream of water from the hill, to quench the thirst of Hanuman, when he became thirsty. Hanuman also fought with Bhairavs before Vaishno Devi asked him to leave Bhairav to her.

      I am not sure if the picture you saw could relate to this legend.


      I am sorry; I have not been able to provide you with a definite answer.

      Kindly send your picture to me. Let me try. I could also consult someone knowledgeable in these matters.


      • sreenivasaraos

        February 22, 2017 at 7:06 am

        Dear Mr Sreenivasarao

        Thank you for your prompt and insightful reply. I attach a photo.

        This sounds very close to what has been depicted. But there are ten forms. I wonder if they rule the ten directions as per Indian Vaastu?…I attach a photo of this rare painting. I would be grateful if you could shed further light on it. I also want to say that I find your blogs very scholarly and interesting. I am giving the link to my husband too!

        Warm regards
        Gauri Varma

    • sreenivasaraos

      February 24, 2017 at 9:27 am

      Dear Gauri Varma,

      After your reply, I looked at the picture again.

      This is what I reckon. I may be wrong. Please cross check with someone who-knows.

      1. It is basically a Lanka-dahan theme.

      There are several versions of that theme using Hanuman as the central figure; and surrounding him with other deities.

      For instance; as you are very well aware, there is a depiction similar to the one you sent where the tail-blazing Hanuman is framed by Asta-Matrukas .

      2. The picture you sent is also a Lanka-dahan theme; but, with ten cardinal guardian deities: eight Dikpalas and with the sky represented by Brahma on the top (Ūrdhvā) and the Ocean below (Adhah) represented by Samudra-raja . Dikpalas

      3. For some reason, the orientation of the picture is reversed.

      In the traditional pictures the East is at the top (unlike North in modern-day depictions) with South (Dakshina; the term literally means the ‘Right) on your right, followed by North (Uttara; meaning that which follows ) on to your left.

      In your picture, the West is at the top; and east is at the bottom

      6. Please read your picture, starting at the top from your left-hand side, (for the present you may ignore the central Hanuman theme and the Chakras)

      7. It would be:

      South-West; Nritti – riding a horse
      West – Varuna – in the middle of the picture – riding a Makara
      North-West- Vayu- riding a spotted deer

      Next row (skip the Hanuman detail)

      South-Yama – riding a buffalo
      North – Kubera – riding a man (Nara-vhana)

      Bottom row (apart from Yantra etc)

      South-East – Agni –riding a goat
      East- Indra –riding an elephant- holding a thunderbolt

      And, at the far right-hand bottom corner

      North- East – Ishana – riding a Bull


      There is at the top –center of the picture Brahma, representing the sky , the zenith (Ūrdhvā). He rides a swan

      At the bottom of the picture is the Samudra-raja, Lord of the seas, representing ‘down-blow’ the nadir (Adhah) .

      He as the Lord of waters is, at times, shown on a chariot drawn by seven swans.

      Kindly verify and let me know.

      Today is Maha-Shiva-ratri. May he bless you with wisdom, happiness and longevity


      • sreenivasaraos

        February 24, 2017 at 9:44 am


        Dear Mr Sreenivasarao

        I think you are absolutely right. I too felt that Varun was shown on top riding a Makaar.

        Thank you very much for sharing your deep knowledge so painstakingly.

        A very auspicious Maha Shivratri to you and your family. I will keep following your blog. May God bless you.

        Warm regards,

        Gauri Varma

  10. Vinod

    February 21, 2017 at 11:02 am

    Hello Sir,
    I want to learn and practice Srividya. Searching for a samaya or mishra guru. Can you please help?

    • sreenivasaraos

      February 21, 2017 at 3:35 pm

      Dear RVinod

      I am not competent to advice you on this.

      I suggest , if you so like , you may contact the great scholar Mahamahopadyaya DR. R . Satyanarayana who is properly initiated into Sri Vidya Upasana by his Guru. He also written extensively on Sri Vidya.

      He may be contacted at : N0. CH 12 , ‘Thrayeelakshmi’ , 9th Cross , 4th Main , Jayanagar , Mysore 570014. Tel N0. 0821 2567891 (please re check the number).

      Good Luck

      • Vinod

        February 22, 2017 at 4:09 am

        Thank you very much for prompt reply sir!!

  11. sreenivasaraos

    March 13, 2017 at 7:20 am

    Dear Mr Sreenivasarao,

    I followed up on your very helpful information. The only other suggestion I have is that the figure guarding the nadir could be Samudra Raja or Vishnu (also called Ksheer Samudra Raja, holding a disc on a chariot drawn by swans/garuda).

    Also, not clear why the ten dikpalas are shown with monkey tails. Perhaps as attendants paying homage to Hanuman?

    Your opinion would be valued.

    Warm regards

    Gauri Varma

  12. sreenivasaraos

    March 13, 2017 at 7:22 am

    Dear Gauri

    Sorry for the delay in responding

    1. The painting basically depicts ten directions around the Hanuman motif

    2. The SKY (Brahma) is at the TOP; and, WATERS (Samudra) is at the BOTTOM

    3. No. It is not Kshirasagara. And there is no Vishnu here. That is a different aspect. What is depicted here is a set of minor deities, with Hanuman at the center.

    4. No. There is no Garuda here. The eagle flies in the sky; and, has very little to do with Sub terrestrial waters

    5. The Waters below is often personified as a King, riding a chariot floating on water,; and which is drawn by a set of seven swans

    6. As regards the tails; like you mentioned – the Dikpalas could either be treated as aspects of Hanuman; or as minor deities paying tribute to Hanuman.

    Btw, in the older texts, the tails were at times regarded as signs of heroes; and, certain celestial deities such as Kinnaras were depicted with tails.

    I am not sure if this helps you

    Please keep talking

    Have a very enjoyable and a noisy Holi


  13. Pattabhi Sitaraman

    April 27, 2017 at 5:46 am

    Dear Mr. Rao,

    Very recently while I was browsing the net for some writing on Ganapathyam I stumbled onto your blogs and I am very happy to have access to your writings. There was a question as to who could be the author of the popular invocation to Lord Ganesh starting with “Gajaananam Bhootha Ganaathi Sevitham” and the other three that follow this sloka. From your blogs and also the various inputs from the speeches of Kanchi Paramacharya Chandrasekarendra Sarasvathi 68th Peetathipathi of the Kanchi Kamakoti peetam, I could get some inference that these four to five slokas could have been rendered for invocation of Lord Ganesh during the 1 or 2 CE. I also inferred that the author could be either Baudhayana or Yagnavalkya between 5 BCE to 2 CE. Would very much appreciate whether my inference is correct.
    With kind regards,

    • sreenivasaraos

      May 13, 2017 at 2:20 pm

      Dear Shri Sitaraman

      At the outset I beg your pardon for the delay in responding to your comment. Please excuse me. I was away; and, my health had also been rather inconsistent.

      I presume you have read my articles regarding the Origins of Ganesha Worship ; and , Ganapathi, the lord of the ganas . These cover a number of issues that might interest you.

      Ganesha, as we know and worship, does not, of course, figure in the early Vedic texts (Samhita). The Natyashastra (dated around second century BCE) begins with salutations to Pitamaha (Brahma) and to Maheshwara; and, the gods worshipped therein are basically the Vedic deities, such as: Sakra (Indra), Varuna, Vayu, Kubers, Surya, Vishnu and Sarasvathi. There is, however, no mention of Ganesha /Ganapathi.

      From what little I have read, the scholars seem to think that the four or six Vinayaka-s mentioned in Mānava-Gṛhyasūtras and the Yajnavalkya Smriti were later rendered into a single Vinayaka; and , appointed by Rudra as the Chief of the Ganas – Gananam Adhipataye.

      And, there was a deity named Dantin with an elephant – countenance (Hasthi –mukha) with a curved trunk (Vakratunda) In the Krisha Yajurveda (2.9.1163).

      These varied forms , along with others, were brought together to combine into Lord Ganesha or Ganapathi. It is said; Ganesha emerged a distinct deity in clearly recognizable form in the 4th and 5th centuries CE, during the Gupta Era, combining in himself the features and virtues of the several of his Vedic and Pre-Vedic predecessors.

      It was following this period, His popularity rose quickly; and, a separate Ganapthya sect which worshipped Ganapathi as the form of the Supreme Brahman came into being by about the Sixth century. Its faith and practices are described in Ganesha Purana, Mudgala Purana, Ganapathi Upanishad; and Ganesha Gita. The last mentioned, in a way, resembles Bhagavad-Gita; with Ganesha taking a position similar to that of Krishna. (Ganapathya, somehow, did not become a major sect as that of Shiva or Vishnu)

      Ganesha Purana and Mudgala Purana are the primary scriptures of the Ganapathya –s. Both are described as Upa-Puranas. While Mudgala Purana describes eight incarnations of Ganesha, the other Purana, which perhaps is the later of the two, describes four of his incarnations.

      According to the narration in Mudgala Purana, Gajanana was the fourth incarnation of the Lord Ganesha, to slay the demon of greed, Lobha.

      And, again during the 8-9th century Ganapathi was formally included among the five principal deities (Panchayatana).


      The prayer you cited “Gajaananam Bhootha Ganaadhi Sevitham” refers to Ganapathi as the darling son of Uma Devi; and as one who enjoys the essence (Sara) of kapitha (wood apple) and Jumbu (Rose apple) fruits, obviously relates to Ganapathi of the Puranas, which is after the 4-5th century.

      I therefore, feel, that the prayer mentioned you could not possibly belong to the texts of the period from fifth century BCE to Second century BCE.

      I am not sure if this meets your requirement.

      Sorry for the delay


      PS: I reckon that the Book Loving Ganesha might be interest to you. Please click here.

  14. Swaminathan

    May 13, 2017 at 12:39 pm

    A highly enlightening portal. I feel your work will not be complete without writing about Srirangam which is the largest active temple in the world. It is a rich source of architecture

  15. Parag vade

    June 9, 2017 at 2:07 pm

    Sir, thank you so much for your great contribution to satisfy need of curious minds. I googled about Faizpur congress session and reached your blog. I am preparing for civil services and your articles are going to help me long way.
    Best regards sir.

    • sreenivasaraos

      June 10, 2017 at 4:29 am

      Dear Parag , Wow , that is wonderful.

      I am delighted that the articles were of some use to you

      Wish you Best of Luck in your exams and in all your endeavors

      God Bless you

      Please keep in touch


      P:S: Could you please let me know in what way were the articles were of use to you. Your feedback may help me in orienting my further posts. Thanks

  16. Jay

    June 14, 2017 at 5:22 pm

    Hi Sreenivas sir,
    Please accept my namaskarams. Thank you for writing with such detail and responding to all questions. I have been curious about God and have been listening and reading different books and articles based out on hindu religion particularly vaishnavism as I have affinity towards all forms of Vasudeva. I came upon your blogs when trying to find a picture of Para-Vasudeva. Now I am hooked and interested in learning more. I am reading the archives going through each category.

    I have few basic questions and would appreciate your response.
    1. I hear from some that having a guru and learning japa mantras through them is the right way to initiate oneself towards God. Is this true?
    2. Will one get the benefit of God’s blessings if one followed the Ekadeshi vratams but not doing the other rituals such as celebrating other festivals or daily pujas? Does one have to be a vaishnava to fast on Dwadashi day?
    3. Will a person doing their duty – work, taking care of the family, etc. but not pursuing religious activity still attain God?
    4. Does one have to be a Vaishnava to follow the tradition? Can anyone who believes in Krishna or Narayana or Venkateshwara follow the Vaishnava tradition?
    5. Is there an audio recording of the Vedas, Upanishads and other scriptures? Can you recommend where to get them?

    • sreenivasaraos

      June 17, 2017 at 4:32 am

      Dear Jay

      I appreciate your earnestness. I am not sure I am competent to provide authentic answers to your questions. I can try , with some hesitation, from what little I know.

      At the outset, your accepting and adoring Vasudeva as your Ista-devata (chosen deity) is truly splendid. May Lord Vasudeva bless you.

      Bhakthi is intense love for God; and, your complete submission in absolute faith. It is a very hard pursuit that absorbs your entire being in act, speech and heart (Kaya, Vacha and Manasa).

      1. Yes. The guidance from a Guru is preferable. He may initiate into a mantra and guide in its practice; but, Bhakthi is your own essential pure love and dedication for your chosen object of devotion.

      2. Observing Ekadasi and such others is a part of the discipline. And, so are the Pujas, Japas etc, which are performed without any expectations. You may view those practices as complimentary. One need not be a Vaishnava to pursue such practices.

      3. Yes. That is most preferred way of life. It is not seclusion; but, being in the world unattached while pinning your faith in your god with loving devotion – that seems an ideal way.

      4. No. One need not be a Vaishnava to practice Bhakthi towards Krishna. One learns to view the whole of existence and even other gods as manifestations of Krishna.

      5. There are many sites carrying audio files of the traditional texts as also prayers etc. Please check a few given here. You may then explore.
      Vedas Chanting Audio – Android Apps on Google Play

      Grasp the wisdom in faith ; have faith in whatever you do.

      God Bless you

      With lots of Love

  17. Ravi

    June 17, 2017 at 6:44 am


    What should be material composition of Chakra according to Vedas , which is installed above Kalash of the Temple

    • sreenivasaraos

      June 17, 2017 at 2:21 pm

      Dear Shri Ravi

      The Vedas do not of course speak of temples or of Kalashas

      These concepts came about much later. And the details of temple structure and Architecture were laid down in the Agama texts and in the texts of the Shilpa Shastra

      The early kalashas were perhaps made of stone blocks, round or ribbed. They might have been in the nature of cap-stones that structurally held the tall and tapering vimana, as in the North Indian temples. The copper and brass vases seem to have been the later innovations; and the agama books favor use of copper vases.

      For more ; please check the paragraph titled Kalashas in the post (Devalaya Vastu Part Five) at


  18. Sadhak

    June 19, 2017 at 10:43 am

    Hi Sir,

    I’m looking for Manasa devi Yantram and couldn’t find anywhere. Can you please help me with it.


  19. Gyaneshwar

    July 15, 2017 at 3:09 am

    Amazing website!
    Thank you for the info.

    Maybe you can put some of the articles on: to reach more people?
    Thank you once more

    • sreenivasaraos

      July 16, 2017 at 4:48 am

      Dear Shri Gyaneshwar, Thank you for the visit and for the appreciation.
      I trust you read some of the articles posted here.

      Thank you also for the suggestion

      I had a look at the list of papers published on


      I am not sure if anyone there would be interested in the sort of stuff I write.

      Do tell me


      • Gyaneshwar Puri

        July 16, 2017 at 6:23 am

        Yes, you can easily put your articles there. There are many varieties of articles, from research ones to blog entries. You should decide what would you like to put there. But you have invested a lot of time and effort so I think it would be worth.

        With regards

  20. JP

    July 17, 2017 at 6:27 pm


    First of all, very informative blog. Thank you.

    I’ve been doing some reading on the who is who of Mahabharata and came across several instances where Surya is depicted to be helping Draupadi. I cannot fathom – 1) why she would ask Surya, when Krishna would be the more obvious choice, if we take it with all divinity attached 2) if not, who else could Surya be? I would assume Draupadi as Agni-born was Angirasa. So why Surya? Any thoughts?

    Thanks again.


  21. Jay

    July 31, 2017 at 7:56 pm

    Hi Srinivas sir,
    Please accept my Namaskarams. Can you share anything you know about dreams, specifically seeing God in dreams? I am told that one should not share such dreams to others, but how does one understand what the dreams mean?
    I would appreciate any information you can share.

  22. Khi Deva

    August 15, 2017 at 9:46 am

    We would like to use your article on the Sri Yantra on our page to educate people who are joining the project. With your permission.

    • sreenivasaraos

      August 17, 2017 at 2:10 am

      Dear Deva , Please let me know which page you are referring to.

      Please also specify which article of mine you have in view



      • Khi Deva

        August 18, 2017 at 1:02 pm

        We have a project called The Sri Yantra Land Art Project with a facebook page. I want to share the article on the Sri Yantra to educate those coming to the page.

      • sreenivasaraos

        August 18, 2017 at 3:51 pm

        Good Deva

        Yes; you can use those

        Pl do send me the link to your site


      • sreenivasaraos

        August 18, 2017 at 3:50 pm

        Good Deva

        Yes; you can use those

        Pl do send me the link to your site


  23. Sandhya

    August 15, 2017 at 10:51 am

    Happy Day Sir,
    Can you please guide me with books in English dealing with Prabandhams.. if possible Nrtya Prabandhams.

    Sandhya Sankar

  24. Kumar

    September 1, 2017 at 6:10 am

    Dear Srinivasa Rao garu,

    Out of words or adjectives for the in-depth articles and the knowledge you are sharing…God bless you with lot more insights.

    I have a quire: When King Janaka knows about so much of Rishi Yagnavalkya, why did had to listen to astavakra geeta? Are they contemporaries?

    Please enlighten, Kindly share your emailID


    • sreenivasaraos

      September 1, 2017 at 11:39 pm

      Dear Shri Kumar

      Thank you for the visit and for the question.

      There have been many who went by the name of Janaka. They all seemed to be rulers of Videha in the region of what is now Nepal- Bihar. In the very distant past, there was a certain Janaka who was the son of the legendary King Nimi. And, in Ramayana, the father of Sita is also a Janaka; his name being Siradhvaja Janaka.

      In the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, you come across the Philosopher -King Janka Videha who is identified with Kirti-Janaka (eighteenth in the line from Siradhvaja Janaka), a great patron of learning whose Court was studded with learned scholars, such as: Yajnavalkya, Uddalaka Aruni, Gargi Vachacnavi, Asvala, Jaratkarva, Ushasti, Kohala and others.

      There are also many references to Ashtavakra – in Mahabharata (Vanaparva) where Lomaharsha narrates to the Paṇḍavas the legend of Ashṭavakra; and, in legends there is an Ashtavakra as being the son of Kohala (who was the student and son-in-law of Uddalaka Aruni).

      There is an Ashtavakra who is credited with Ashtavakra-Gita also known as Aṣṭāvakra Saṃhitā.

      Again, it is not clearly known who exactly is the author of Ashtavakra-Gita. But, in any case, there is little doubt that it is a very old text, probably dating back to the days prior to the early classic Vedanta period. Its Sanskrit style and the doctrine expressed therein would seem to support this view.

      It is a text that talks about Supreme detachment and absolute monism. It asserts the unreality of external world; and, absolute oneness of all existence. It dismisses names and forms as unreal and as a sign of ignorance. It does not put faith in book-learning, rituals, prayers, meditation etc. Ashtavakra annihilates the false sense of identification of the Self with the mind etc.

      Ashtavakra-Gita was one the favorite texts of Sri Ramana Maharshi. He said: “The Ashtavakra Gita, like the Ribhu Gita, teaches about the Supreme state of Realization. That is to say, when Janaka surrendered his body, mind and wealth unreservedly to the Guru, he became absorbed in his own Self and went into the state of samadhi. In other words, by teaching him the Gita, he was told that that was his real state and that he could remain established in that natural state.”

      As regards your question, I presume that the difference in Janaka talking to Yajnavalkya and to the Sage Astavakra, is perhaps comparable to that between conversing with an intellectual (say, a professor of philosophy) and meeting Sri Ramana Maharshi in person.


      But, please do read my post on Ashtavakra Gita; and, let me know.


  25. ritu malik

    October 28, 2017 at 6:56 pm

    Dear Mr.Murthy , My name is riu, I would like to ask what is the in point in shriyantra for crating a wealth, plz help me i explore alot but didn’t get specific answer of my question.

  26. Sougoumar Mayoura ( Mr)

    November 4, 2017 at 8:17 pm

    I discovered your site by reading a series of articles on M.N.ROY. I heard about him- many years ago- during my studies in law and political science. But I did not go beyond that. I see today how this man who is not so well known in the West (I am talking about intellectuals), was ahead of the question of the crisis of democracy. But I come back to you. Your blog is awesome. His wealth impresses me. A life would not be enough to read all the informations of your blog. BRAVO and good luck.

    • sreenivasaraos

      November 5, 2017 at 3:16 am

      Dear Mr. Sougoumar Mayoura

      Thank you for the visit; and, for the appreciation.

      I presume you read all the parts (23 in all) of the series. If not, kindly take your time; do read; and, let me know of your views. The comments and observations coming from an erudite scholar like you are truly valuable to me.

      As you rightly said, he is not much known or remembered in the West; and similar is the case in the East, particularly in India.

      I find the life-events of MN Roy particularly interesting, because they run through all the phases of Indian National Movement since the early 20th century up to the formation of Indian Republic. They also chronicle the birth, growth and decay of the Communist Party of India. His thoughts on Democracy, peoples’ participation and socialism are relevant even in the present-day.

      I have used MN Roy as a sort of thread to string through and to talk about the phases of extreme nationalism; socialism; and, communist development in India. Besides, his involvement with the Communist International; the national movement for freedom of India sphere-headed by Congress Party, as also with number of other parties and groups operating from within and outside India cover a vast area of interest .

      MN Roy’s associations with the daring freethinkers in France and Germany; and, the participation of those brilliant and highly motivated men and women in India’s National movement is truly amazing. I wonder whether, in today’s world, such cohesion or coming together of intellectuals, cutting across the borders, for a cause, would be possible.

      The philosophy of Radical Socialism developed by Roy , during the last phase of his life; as also his vision of future India – away from the rule of corrupt politicians and also from dictators- hold lessons for all of us.

      Please do read the other articles in the series as well.

      Cheers and Regards

  27. Mayoura Sougoumar

    November 5, 2017 at 2:41 pm

    Dear Sir, Thank you for your attention and your message of return. I would come back to you some time later when I would have been well immersed in your study. I would do it and would be happy to exchange.
    With my best thoughts. And thank you again for your mail.

  28. shardacrishna

    December 11, 2017 at 7:13 am

    The range and depth of articles presented in your blog are commendable . Words cannot communicate the sense of appreciation , sincerely ! One of the finest blogs , I must say ! Many thanks !!

    • sreenivasaraos

      December 11, 2017 at 11:04 am

      Dear Sharada, Thank you for the visit; and , for the appreciation.

      I am delighted you found these articles readable .

      Please keep in touch , posting comments



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